The Ekklesia

A Church of Christ is defined inclusively by Christ (the Rock) in the wilderness. The only reason for calling people out was to Rest, Read and Rehearse the Word of God.  This was exclusive of vocal or instrumental rejoicing or high-sounding rhetoric (sermonizing).  Jesus calls the Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites: in the Ezekiel 33 version by the Spirit OF Christ He defines speakers, singers and instrument players.


The ekklesia or A Church of Christ consists of those who have been baptized and added by Christ to His Church which is His kingdom. "Baptism saves us" says Peter because God gives disciples A holy spirit of A good conscience (consciousness or co-perception of His Word. Believers are baptized in water INTO the Word or into the School (only) of Christ (only). Therefore, if you are a called out disciple you are called out only into a School of the Word of Christ specifically in the prophets and apostles.

CHURCHES FAIL BECAUSE PEOPLE DO NOT UNDERSTAND BLACK TEXT ON BROWN PAPER. Jesus issued a direct command and an approved example:

Mt 28:18 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, [opposite to poetry or music]
power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
         [There is nothing left over for a "father" and "spirit" sitting on a chair somewhere]

G1849 exousia ex-oo-see'-ah resource From G1832 (in the sense of ability); privilege, that is, (subjectively) force, capacity, competency, freedom, or (objectively) mastery (concretely magistrate, superhuman, potentate, token of control), delegated influence: authority, jurisdiction, liberty, power, right, strength.

Mt 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach [didaktikos] all nations,

ma^thēt-euō ,
A. to be pupil, tini to one, Plu.2.832c.
II. trans., make a disciple of, instruct, “panta ta ethnēEv.Matt.28.19, cf. Act.Ap.14.21:—Pass., Ev.Matt.13.52.

Acts 14:21 And when they had preached the gospel to that city,
        and had taught many,
        they returned again to Lystra, and to Iconium, and Antioch,

baptizING them in the name [Jesus Christ] of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost:


TeachING them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you:
        and, lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
Mt 28:20


Entellō , thelō
A. enjoin, command, Act. only in Pi.O.7.40, S.Fr.269:— mostly in Med., “tini tiHdt.1.47, etc.; in a will, “philois tauta entellomaiDiog.Oen.66: c. dat. pers. et inf., Hdt.1.53, Pl.R.393e, etc.; enteilasthai apo glōssēs command by word of mouth, Hdt.1.123: so in pf., “entetaltaiLXX 3 Ki.13.17; “entetalmenoi eiēsanPlb.18.2.1, cf. Hdn.1.9.9:—Pass., “ta entetalmenacommands, Hdt.1.60,5.73, S. Fr.462, X.Cyr.5.5.3.
II. invest with legal powers, authorize to act,e. soi kai epitrepōPLips.38.5 (iv A. D.), cf. PMasp.124.6 (vi A. D.).

The NEVER musical passages:
Ephesians 5:17 Wherefore be ye not unwise,
        but understanding what the will [
thel-ēma , ethelō] of the Lord is.
Ephesians 5:18 And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess;
        but be filled with the Spirit; [The Word of Christ: John 6; Colossians 3:16[


Ephesians 5:19 Speaking [say,
whisper, conversation, talk] to yourselves
        in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs,
         singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord;
Ephesians 5:20 Giving thanks always for all things
        unto God and the Father
        in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ;
Paul understood that the command was to make disciples of Jesus Christ (the Prophets and Apostles). A Disciple is a STUDENT and not a ceremonial legalists.

Before you can be called OUT of the World and become the elect; that is to become a DISCIPLE of Christ (only) when the elders teach that which has been taught, Peter said that calling on the Name of Jesus Christ gives one A holy spirit (Acts 2:38) or A good conscience when we are SAVED BY BAPTISM (1 Peter 3:21).  One is washed to be added to a DISCIPLING "one-another" assembly and not to be added to a "worshiping" community: the only WORSHIP concept in the synagogue or ekklesia is to PREACH the Word by READING the Word while everyone RESTS fro religious observations.
Eph. 5:26 That he might sanctify and cleanse [give A holy spirit]
         it with the washing of water [baptism]
        by the word,

Eph. 5:26WEB That he might sanctify and cleanse it
        with the washing of water
        [INTO] the word,   (In Verbo, En, Eis)
        Into Converto , epistles of a writer, to be occupied in, 
            Into —In eccl. Lat., to convert to Christianity, etc.: “aliquem ad fidem Christi,
2. Pregn., to change the nature of a thing; i. e. to change, alter, transform, turn.
En en paidotribou, at the school of 
Discourse, conversation, Oral by word of mouth urnio plura verbo quam s
                Scripturā mandata dedimus,   In eccl. Lat. as a translation of logos,
LOGOS Opposite PATHOS (personal experiences), Opposite folly, Opposite reasoning, deliberation, opposite of poetry, opposite of music, opposite of acting.
epagō a^], bringing in AIDS, alurement, enticement, incantations, oppositeof human reasoning, leading into captivity
All "praise singing" by the Encomiast was force the gods to meet their needs.
Plat. Rep. 364c] any misdeed of a man or his ancestors, and that if a man wishes to harm an enemy,
 at slight cost he will be enabled to injure just and unjust alike,
        since they are masters of spells and enchantments  [epōdais]
        that constrain the gods to serve their end.
And for all these sayings they cite the poets as witnesses, with regard
to the ease and plentifulness of vice, quoting:“ Evil-doing in plenty a man shall find for the seeking;

1 In Laws 933 D both are used of the victim with epōdais, which primarily applies to the god.
Cf. Lucan, Phars. vi. 492 and 527.

Epode song sung to or over [BURDEN], hence, enchantment,  spell, charm, “oute pharmaka..oud' au epōdaiPl.R. 426b ; (sorcery Rev 18:23)
Plato. Rep. [426b] and idling, neither drugs nor cautery nor the knife, no, nor spells nor periapts will be of any avail?” “Not altogether charming,” he said, “for there is no grace or charm in being angry with him who speaks well.” “You do not seem to be an admirer of such people,” said I. “No, by heaven, I am not.”

There are may examples of the conflict between the AGORA or marketplace and the Ekklesia or Synagogue.  We may add some background but this short post is to define the ACT of SPEAKING in the ekklesia or synagogue as being radically exclusive of the modern "church" or Circe (circus) which would not survive without a rhetorician, singers and instrument players.

Paul and Peter always EXCLUDE what we call "worship assemblies" to make the ekklesia or Reading and Understanding the Word of Christ possible. Jesus died to remove the LADED BURDEN and BURDEN LADERS. A burden in both the Old and New Testament Hebrew and Latin as well as the Greek is a type of singing intended to create spiritual anxiety.  In Romans 15 Paul identified this as SELF-pleasure which is "creation of mental excitement" and the word is almost always used to FORBID rhetoric, singing, playing or acting. The direct command was to "use one mind and one mouth" to teach "that which is written for our learning.

The Kingdom of God does not come with observation meaning Religious Observations. That is the only way we can determine whether institutions under The Church are a School of Christ or a neo-pagan worship center fleecing the lambs and feeding them with stubble. Be  aware that The Spirit OF Christ is named Jesus Christ the Righteous and anyone who claims that a "spirit" is defining one's institution probably is short of cash or intends to build a Tower of Power, ziggurat as was the Jerusalem Temple.

Arnobius, Musical Mocking VI, p. 479).

"Mocking the belief that Mellonia introduces herself into the entrails, or Limentinus, and that they set themselves to make known what you seek to learn, Arnobius asks--

May it not happen, may it not come to pass, although you craftily conceal it, that the one should take the other's place, deluding, mocking, deceiving, and presenting the appearance of the deity invoked? If the magi, who are so much akin to soothsayers, relate that, in their incantations, pretend gods steal in frequently instead of those invoked; that some of these, moreover, are spirits of grosser substance, who pretend that they are gods, and delude the ignorant by their lies and deceit." (Arnobius Against the Heathen 

The magicians or soothsayers sang their incantations but Arnobius warned that other "gods" or evil spirits seemed to steal in and, instead of divine truth, delivered lies and deceit. No one can justify  instrumental music and performance worship from the Bible or history without lying to God and about God.

"If any one perchance thinks that we are speaking calumnies, let him take the books of the Thracian soothsayer (Orpheus the inventor of musical worship), which you speak of as of divine antiquity; and he will find that we are neither cunningly inventing anything, nor seeking means to bring the holiness of the gods into ridicule, and doing so: for we shall bring forward the very verses which the son of Calliope uttered in the Greek, and published abroad in his songs to the human race through out all all ages."

"With these words she at the same time drew up her garments from the lowest hem ,
And exposed to view formatas inguinibus res ,
Which Baubo grasping with hollow hand, for
Their appearance was infantile, strikes, touches gently.
Then the goddess, fixing her orbs of august light,
Being softened, lays aside for a little the sadness of her mind;
Thereafter she takes the cup in her hand, and laughing,
Drinks off the whole draught of cyceon with gladness."
(Arnobius Against the Heathen, Ante-Nicene, VI, p. 499).

Sophos   A. skilled in any handicraft or art, clever, harmatēlatas s. Pi.P.5.115, cf. N.7.17;   A. skilled in any handicraft or art, clever, harmatēlatas s. Pi.P.5.115, cf. N.7.17;

Margites Fr.2; but in this sense mostly of poets and musicians, Pi.O.1.9, P.1.42, 3.113; en kithara s. E.IT1238 (lyr.), cf. Ar.Ra.896 (lyr.), etc.; tēn tekhnēn -ōteros ib.766; “peri tiPl.Lg.696c; glōssē s. S.Fr.88.10;
Marg-os  A. mad, marge madman! Od.16.421; “maia philē, margēn se theoi thesan23.11, cf. Pi.O.2.96
margoi hēdonai  2. of appetite, greedy, gluttonous, “meta d' eprepe gasteri margēOd.18.2;
3. lewd, lustful, Thgn.581, A.Supp.741, E.El.1027


When God gave The Book of The Covenant of Grace as the only spiritual Covenant God in Christ made with Abraham, the people agreed to keep it.  Moses was commanded in Exodus how to organize in groups down to ten families for INSTRUCTING the people: God never instituted any institute which is not A School of the Word.

While Moses was getting the Tablets and The Book of The Covenant the people rose up in musical idolatry.  God gave them The Book of The Law and sentenced the nation to "beyond Babylon" meaning no return.

Dt 18:13 Thou shalt be perfect with the LORD thy God.
Dt 18:14 For these nations, which thou shalt possess,
        hearkened unto observers of times, and unto diviners:
        but as for thee, the LORD thy God hath not suffered thee so to do.
Dt 18:15 The LORD thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, 
        of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken;

A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience,)

Audio 2. Aliquem, of pupils, to hear a teacher, i. e. to receive instruction from, to study under. to hear a person or thing with approbation, to assent to, agree with, approve, grant, allow: C.To hear, to listen to, to obey

The Spirit OF Christ ordained the days of Holy Convocation and defined the purpose both inclusively and exclusively.

See the Qahal or Synagogue or Church in the wilderness and you will undertand what Jesus endorsed and commanded with the word ekklesia.  To that, the Lord's Supper was added as a showing forth or evangelism visual aid.

And he read therein before the street that was before the water gate from the morning until midday, before the men and the women, and those that could understand; and the ears of all the people were attentive unto the book of the law. Ne 8:3

Read is:

Qara (h7121) invite, mention, (give) name, preach, (make) proclaim (- ation), pronounce, publish, read, renowned, say.

Because of musical idolatry the Jacob-cursed and God-abandoned Levites were turned over to worship the starry host (Acts 7). The nation was sentenced to beyond Babylon with no return. The godly people were quarantined from the normal pagan or Jewish rituals and attended Qahal, synagogue or Church of Christ (the Rock) in the wilderness.  It was EXCLUSIVE of vocal or instrumental rejoicing or what we call preaching.

JESUS SYNAGOGUED ON TWO FIRST DAYS OF THE WEEK.  Paul used synagogue words to speak of "coming together, assembling or gathering."  This assembly is defined exclusively and inclusively as what the Campbells restored  as A School of Christ. They defined WORSHIP as READING and Musing the Word of God.  Hard to miss that if you have read the SCHOOL as the only time and place God called people out on their REST day.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia)

Thus these meetings, which at first were only held on Sabbaths and feast days,
came also to be held on
other days, and at the same hours with the services in the temple.

The essential aim, however, of the synagogue was not prayer,
instruction in the Law for all classes of the people.

Philo calls the synagogues "houses of instruction, where the philosophy of the fathers and all manner of virtues were taught"

"The rabbi Simon ben Shetach, brother of the queen Salome Alexandra and the president of the Sanhedrin, opened the first beth ha-sefer, house of book, in Jerusalem. His example was followed, and little by little a whole system of public instruction came into existence. Some thirty years after the death of Christ, in about the year 64 A.D., the high priest Joshua ben Gamala promulgated what may be considered as the first educational legislation: there was nothing wanting--the parents were obliged to send their children to school, there were punishments for idle children and those too often absent." (Quoted in Wilson, Hermon O. and Womack, Morris M., Pillars of Faith, p. 192). 

Josephus-Apion 2  permitting the people to leave off their other employments, and to assemble together for the hearing of the law, and learning it exactly, and this not once or twice, or oftener, but every week; which thing all the other legislators seem to have neglected.
We know that the synagogue (ekklesia, church) had no praise service. Philo also said that it was impossible to praise God audibly with one's one words. Therefore, worship or singing was silent or as Paul would say: "In the heart."  That is a fact because singing as an ACT was imposed from the east in the year 373 because "it was common in all pagan cults."

Both Jew and Gentile were wise unto salvation because they attended the synagogue: the Greeks attended synagogue to escape the pagan rituals. 

Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God,
         to you is the word of this salvation sent. Acts 13:26

For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers,
because they knew him not,
nor yet the voices of the prophets
which are read every sabbath day
they have fulfilled them in condemning him (Setting Him at Nought). Acts 13:27

Acts 15:21 For Moses of old time
        hath in every city
        them that preach him,
        being read in the synagogues every sabbath day.

And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. Lu.4:16

Anaginosko (g314) an-ag-in-oce'-ko; from 303 and 1097; to know again, i.e. (by extens.) to read: - read.

For if the ministration of condemnation be glory,
        much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. 2 Cor. 3:9

But even unto this day, when
Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart. 2Co.3:15
Whereby, when ye read, ye may understand my knowledge in the mystery of Christ) Ep.3:4

And when this epistle is read among you, cause that it be read also in the church of the Laodiceans; and that ye likewise read the epistle from Laodicea. Col.4:16

I charge you by the Lord, that this epistle be read unto all the holy brethren. 1Th.5:27

Blessed is he that readeth, and they that hear the words of this prophecy, and keep those things which are written therein: for the time is at hand. Re.1:3

And I wept much, because no man was found worthy to open and to read the book, neither to look thereon. Re.5:4


And after the reading of the law and the prophets, the rulers of the synagogue sent unto them, saying, Ye and brethren, if ye have any word of exhortation for the people, say on. Ac.13:15

Anagnosis (g320) an-ag'-no-sis; from 314; (the act of) reading: - reading.
But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth the same vail untaken away in the reading of the old testament; which vail is done away in Christ. 2Co.3:14

Till I come, give attendance to reading, to exhortation, to doctrine. 1Ti.4:13
This pattern was commanded by the Spirit OF Christ (the Rock), observed by the godly Jews, was attended and endorsed by the example of Jesus, was continued when the first two "Lord's Days" the disciples knew when and where to synagogue.  The ekklesia is similar since it was unlawful to discuss any material not handed down by a higher authority.
For if the ministration of condemnation be glory,
        much more doth the ministration of righteousness exceed in glory. 2 Cor. 3:9
For even that which was made glorious had no glory in this respect, by reason of the glory that excelleth. 2 Cor. 3:10
For if that which is done away was glorious, much more that which remaineth is glorious. 2 Cor. 3:11

Seeing then that we have such hope, we use great plainness of speech: 2 Cor. 3:12
And not as Moses, which put a vail over his face,
        that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished: 2 Cor. 3:13

But their minds were blinded: for until this day remaineth
.........the same vail untaken away the reading of the old testament;
.........which vail is done away in Christ. 2 Cor. 3:14
But even unto this day, when Moses is read, the vail is upon their heart. 2 Cor. 3:15
Nevertheless, when it shall turn to the Lord, [converted, baptized]
        the vail shall be taken away. 2 Cor. 3:16

Now the Lord IS that Spirit: and
        where the Spirit
OF the Lord is, there is liberty. 2 Cor. 3:17

"Not surprisingly, most Israelites declined the prophet's invitation to enter into a dialog with Yahweh.  They preferred a less demanding religion of cultic observance either in the Jerusalem Temple or in the old fertility cults of Canaan.  This continues to  be the case: the religion of compassion is followed only by a minority; most religious people are content with decorous worship in synagogue, church, temple and mosque.

"The ancient Canaanite religions were still flourishing in Israel... the Israelites were still taking part in fertility rites and sacred sex there, as we see in the oracles of the prophet Hosea, Amos' contemporary.  (Armstrong, Karen, A History of God, p. 47).


"The word that is employed for this "anaginosko, anagnosis) is the technical term for the cultic reading aloud of the Old Testament in the synagogue. By applying this terminology to the reading of his own epistles he not only ascribes the same authority to the apostolic word as to the Old Testament writings...he also combines a quotation from the Old Testament with a word of Jesus and introduces the whole with the familiar formula: 'for the Scripture says.'" (Ridderbos, Hermon, Paul, P. 483 an Outline of His Theo., Eerdmans)

But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have become convinced of, because you know those from whom you learned it, and how from infancy you have known the holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus. All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work. 2 Tim 3:14-17


The Agora in Athens was the marketplace: this was the designated place  for speakers, singers, instrument players, dancers, sellers of meats and bodies of young boys--the chorus leaders were implicated.  The ekklesia was an official CIVIL body  of mature Greeks  located  up on the PNYX.   A higher authority supplied the material for discussion as did the Civil  Synagogue. The mature citizens heard evidence, discussed or debated and reached a conclusion: the synagogue was a syllogism in action.

The psallo word in its secondary sense was a polluted red rope which slaves used to force people away from the singing boys and girls and up  to the ekklesia.   If they were reluctant, they would show up at the ekklesia (church), be fined and not permitted to join in the discussion.   Except when invaded the official synagogue was not the place for any kind of musical or theatrical performance.

CHURCH:  God did not suddenly get smart and shut down His old system of worship and decide to start all over. It is a fact that the NATIONAL sacrificial system was IMPOSED when God "turned them over to worship the starry hosts" because of musical idolatry at Mount Sinai. (Stephen in Acts 7 etc., etc.).  The synagogue remained unchanged from the wilderness onward to when Jesus gave Himself as Spirit to be the sole Teacher. To that, Paul explained and the historic church observed the Lord's Supper. This was to show forth or preach the Death of Christ. 

Therefore, the ekklesia had no other set-time-place task but "making known the manifest wisdom of God."  The Campbells defined correctly "church" as "a school of Christ" and "worship" as "reading and musing the Word of God."  To that, you add at your peril and certainly the discording of a fraction of the "Bible class." That happened in the yer 373 when "singing" as part of the assembly was added.  Under the New Covenant any believer who becomes a disciple by learning, being baptized has their sins removed has A holy spirit or A good conscience. By removing sin from our mind or spirit EACH individual is given the ability and responsiblity to become a disciple. That is why the church is a ONE ANOTHER assembly and has no clergy and no funding to support one. 

Liddell and Scott lists 54 Greek words for "assembly." 


Eph 4:14 That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, 
        and carried about with every wind of doctrine,
        by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness
whereby they lie in wait to deceive;

-Fluctuo  fluctus, to move in the manner of waves, i. e. to wave, rise in waves, undulate, to move to and fro, be driven hither and thither
I. Trop., to be restless, unquiet, uncertain, doubtful; to rage, swell; to waver, hesitate, vacillate, fluctuate,  Oratio II. In partic., formal language, artificial discourse,

-Oratio E. A prayer, an address to the Deity (eccl. Lat.): “respice ad orationem servi tui,Vulg. 3 Reg. 8, 28: “per orationes Dominum rogantes,id. 2 Macc. 10, 16: “pernoctans in oratione Dei,id. Luc. 6, 12.—Also absol., prayer, the habit or practice of prayer: “perseverantes in oratione,Vulg. Act. 1, 14: “orationi instate,id. Col. 4, 2; cf. Gell. 13, 22,

-cĭto . To put into quick motion, to move or drive violently or rapidly, to hurl, shake, rouse, excite, provoke, incite, stimulate, promote,
Panourgia (g3834) pan-oorg-ee'-ah; from 3835; adroitness, i.e. (in a bad sense) trickery or sophistry: - (cunning) craftiness, subtilty.

-Panourg-êma  A. knavish trick, villainy, S.El.1387 (lyr.), LXX Si.1.6 (v.l.); sophistry, Gal.5.251; cf. panourgeuma.

1Cor. 3:18 Let no man deceive himself. If any man among you
        seemeth to be wise [sophos] in this world,
        let him become a fool, that he may be wise.
1Cor. 3:19 For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God.
        For it is written,
        He taketh the wise  sophia
        in their own craftiness. pa^nourg-ia
1Cor. 3:20 And again,
        The Lord knoweth the thoughts of the wise, sophōn
        that they are vain.

-Sophia A. cleverness or skill in handicraft and art, as in carpentry, tektonos, hos rha te pasēs eu eidē s. Il.15.412; of the Telchines, Pi.O.7.53; entekhnos s., of Hephaestus and Athena, Pl.Prt.32 1d; of Daedalus and Palamedes,
Margites Fr.2; but in this sense mostly of poets and musicians, Pi.O.1.9, P.1.42, 3.113; en kithara s. E.IT1238 (lyr.), cf. Ar.Ra.896
Pind. O. 1 Water is best, and gold, like a blazing fire in the night, stands out supreme of all lordly wealth. But if, my heart, you wish to sing of contests, [5] look no further for any star warmer than the sun, shining by day through the lonely sky, and let us not proclaim any contest greater than Olympia. From there glorious song enfolds the wisdom of poets, so that they loudly sing [10] the son of Cronus, when they arrive at the rich and blessed hearth of Hieron, who wields the scepter of law in Sicily of many flocks, reaping every excellence at its peak, and is glorified [15] by the choicest music, which we men often play around his hospitable table. Come, take the Dorian lyre down from its peg,

E.IT1238 Lovely is the son of Leto, [1235] whom she, the Delian, once bore in the fruitful valleys, golden-haired, skilled at the lyre; and also the one who glories in her well-aimed arrows. [1240] For the mother, leaving the famous birth-place, brought him from the ridges of the sea to the heights of Parnassus, with its gushing waters, which celebrate the revels for Dionysus
Matai-os  m. logoi idle tales or words, Hdt.7.10.ē; m. epea ib.11; “doxai pherousai kharin m.A. Ag.422 (lyr.);
Logaō ,
A. to be fond of talking, Luc.Lex.15. let loose one's whole tongue, speak withoutrestraint,
3.  of persons, one who is all tongue, speaker, of Pericles,
Epos  'hymn', cf. eipon): 1. song or lay accompanied by music, 8.91,17.519. words of none effect
rhaptōn epeōn aoidoiPi.N.2.2 ; “ta Kupria epeaHdt.2.117, c
 “epea te poiein pros luran t' aeideinTheoc.Ep.21.6 ;
X.Mem.4.2.33, cf. 1.4.2; in music and singing, tekhnē kai s. h.Merc.483, cf. 511; in poetry, Sol.13.52, Pi.O.1.117
c. lines, verses, esp. of spoken lines in the drama, Ar.Ra.862, 956, etc. : sg., verse, line of poetry, Hdt.4.29, Pl.Min. 319d


Panegurizo would define a  public festival, to enjoy oneself, make a set speech, sound as at a festival, of flutes, etc. A. celebrate or attend a public festival, panēgurias p. keep holy-days, Hdt.2.59; “Olumpia kai Karneia p.2. frequent fairs or markets, App.Pun.116.

II. later, make a set speech in a public assembly, deliver a panegyric, Isoc.5.13, Plu.2.802e.
2. Pass., sound as at a festival, of flutes, etc., Heraclit.All.9.

Galatians 4:8 Howbeit then, when ye knew not God,
        ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods.
Galatians 4:9 But now, after that ye have known God, or rather are known of God,
        how turn ye again to the weak and beggarly elements,
        whereunto ye desire again to be in bondage?
Galatians 4:10 Ye observe days, and months, and times, and years.
Galatians 4:11 I am afraid of you, lest I have bestowed upon you labour in vain.

-Panegurikos  A. of or for a public festival or assembly, “hoi okhloi hoi p.Isoc.12.263; poluteleia, kosmos, Plu. 2.608f.
 II. generally, solemn, festive, logos festival oration, such as those pronounced at the Olympic games, panegyric, Isoc.5.9,84, al.; Isokratēs en p. in his Panegyric, Arist.Rh.1408b15; p. eidos tēs rhētorikēs] Phld.Rh.2.251 S.; “ta p.Plu.2.79b: Comp. -ōteros, of Isocrates himself, D.H.Vett.Cens.5.2; -ōterai diēgēseis Aps.p.257 H.
2. flattering, false, “p. lēroiPlu.2.6a; of style, showy, ostentatious, opp. alēthinos, D.H.Dem.8; of persons, pompous, “gunē sobara kai p.Plu.Luc.6. Adv. -kōs showily, “p. kateskeuasmenosId.Cam. 16, cf. Ant.61; opp. stratiōtikōs, Posidon.36 J.: Comp. “-kōteronPlb.5.34.3.
Includes: eidos tēs rhētorikēs]
Includes: Gune Sobaros A. rushing, violent, anemos . . pheretai s. Ar.Nu. 406;

hesukhos keep quiet, keep still, gentle, cautious,
        2. of things, s. melos a rousing tune, Ar.Ach.674;
        imposing, [stolē] Plu.Alex.45; of a triumphal procession, Id.Sull. 34; “s. anathēmata
-Melos , eos, to/, 2. music to which a song is set, tune, Arist.Po.1450a14; opp. rhuthmos, metron, Pl.Grg. 502c; opp. rhuthmos, rhēma, Id.Lg.656c; Krētikon, Karikon, Iōnikon m., Cratin.222, Pl.Com.69.12,14: metaph., en melei properly, correctly, “en m. phtheggesthaiPl.Sph.227d; para melos incorrectly, inopportunely, “par m. erkhomaiPi.N.7.69; “para m. phthegxasthaiPl.Phlb.28b, Lg.696d; “para melos lamprunesthaiArist.EN1123a22, cf. EE1233a39.
3. melody of an instrument , “phormigx d' au phtheggoith' hieron m. ēde kai aulosThgn.761; “aulōn pamphōnon m.Pi.P.12.19; “pēktidōn melēS.Fr.241: generally, tone, “m. boēsE.El.756. [In h.Merc.502 theos d' hupo kalon aeisen must be read for theos d' hupo melos aeisen, and Hellēsin d' adōn melea kai elegous is corrupt in Epigr. ap. Paus.10.7.6.]
Aristoph. Ach. 674

I invoke thee, Acharnian Muse, fierce and fell as the devouring fire; sudden as the spark that bursts from the crackling oaken coal when roused by the quickening fan to fry little fishes, while others knead the dough or whip the sharp Thasian pickle with rapid hand, so break forth, my Muse, and inspire thy tribesmen with rough, vigorous, stirring strains.
Includes: Thrupto softness, delicacy, daintiness II. luxuriousness, wantonness, women exposed, hubris


Ekklēsi-a ,ekklētosan assembly of the citizens regularly summoned, the legislative assembly 
A. assembly duly summoned, less general than sullogos, [more debate] Th.2.22, Pl.Grg.456b, 
sunageirein, sunagein, sullegein, athroizein, call an assembly, Hdt.3.142, Th.2.60, 8.97, X.HG1.6.8

II. in LXX, the Jewish congregation, De. 31.30,al.
2. in NT, the Church, as a body of Christians, Ev.Matt. 16.18, 1 Ep.Cor.11.22 ; “ kat' oikon tinos e.Ep.Rom.16.5 ; as a building, Cod.Just.1.1.5 Intr., etc.

Sullog-osA. assembly, concourse, meeting of persons, whether legal or riotous, at Athens, of any special public meeting or assembly, OPPOSITE the common ekklēsia, Th.2.22, Pl.Lg.764a; 

EKKLESIA (ÉKKÀNOÌA), from ek, out of, and klesis, a calling (kaleo to call), was used among the Greeks of a body of citizens gathered to discuss the affairs of State (Acts 19:39). 

"The church #1577 ekklesia - assembly, called out ones, set apart ones, congregation; in Hebrew this word is #6951 qahal (kahal) - a "synagogue" (E. W. Bullinger, Commentary on Revelation, p. 165-166), an assemblage, congregation, company from the root #6950 qahal meaning specifically a coming together, an assembling, a convocation, congregation; this word is used mostly for religious purposes (see William Wilson's Old Testament Word Studies, p. 92) 

The LXX uses the word ekklesia to translate the Hebrew qahal. Qahal means to call, to assemble, and the noun form means a congregation or assembly. Solomon is called koheleth the Preacher, translated by the LXX ekklesiastes. The earliest known occurrence of the word is found in Job 30:28, ‘I cried in the congregation’. In the books of the law, qahal is rendered by the Greek word sunagoge, showing that the synagogue is the beginning of the New Testament church. Stephen in his speech which ended in his martyrdom referred to the history of Israel, and dwells for considerable length upon the one great leader Moses, saying in Acts 7:38:

‘This is he, that was in the CHURCH in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sinai’.

The people of Israel, looked upon as ‘a called-out assembly’ were ‘the Church’ of that period."

Jesus absolutely did NOT change what the CIVILLIANS had always done.  The mission of Christ was to MAKE DISCIPLES never called "ritual worshipers."

Under the Law, a seven year cycle demanded: 

Gather (h6950) the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that is within thy gates,
          that they may hear, and that they may learn,
and fear the Lord your God, and observe to do all the words of this law: Deut 31:12

This is the synagoguing which also outlaws instruments and loud rejoicing:

Gahal (h6950) kaw-hal'; a prim. root; to convoke: - assemble (selves) (together), gather (selves) together).
Qahal (h6951) kaw-hawl'; from 6950; assemblage (usually concr.): - assembly, company, 

This continued as a weekly assembly or the church in the wilderness.



The Qahal, synagogue or church in the wilderness included "Resting, reading and rehearsing" the Word often in the heads of APT elders speaking for Moses.  It EXCLUDED vocal or instrumental rejoicing: after all who need a LAW to sit down and be quiet when God is speaking to us when the elders "teach that which has been taught."

Miqra (h4744) mik-raw'; from 7121; something called out, i. e. a public meeting (the act, the persons, or the place); also a rehearsal: - assembly, calling, convocation, reading.

Every seven years, that is in the year of release, during the feast of Tabernacles, the Law was to be read before all the people according to the command found in Deut., xxxi, 10. But this enactment was probably soon found to be impracticable; and thus the Jewish authorities arranged to read on every sabbath, commencing with the sabbath after the feast of Tabernacles in one year of release and ending with the feast of Tabernacles in the next year of release, a portion of the Law so calculated that the whole Pentateuch would be read through in seven years. This would in some way the commandment be fulfilled. Some time later, the Jews of Palestine lengthened the sections for each sabbath in such a manner that he entire Law could be read in three years (Talm. Babyl. Megillah, 29b).

Eph 5: [19]WEB loquentes vobismet ipsis in psalmis et hymnis et canticis spiritalibus cantantes et psallentes in cordibus vestris Domino

Loquor  [Sanscr. lap-, to talk, whisper; speak, talk, say (in the lang. of common life, in the tone of conversation;
To speak out, 

The word SPEAK connected to the synagogue, ekklesia or church is

logos  the word or that by which the inward thought is expressed
        III. explanation,
                1. plea, pretext, ground, I (i.e. my conduct) would have admitted of an explanation,
                    b. plea, case, in Law or argument
                2. statement of a theory, argument,  my teaching, Ev.Jo.5.24, of arguments leading to a conclusion, sullogismos,
                    c. in Logic, proposition, whether as premiss or conclusion,
                4. thesis, hypothesis, provisional ground,
                5. reason, ground
        IV. inward debate of the soul
                1. thinking, reasoning
        V. continuous statement, narrative (whether fact or fiction), oration, etc. (cf. legô (B) 11.2)
        OPPOSITE Metrical or melody
OPPOSITE kata pathos,
OPPOSITE  Epagoges Bringing in aids.
4. allurement, enticement,tais elpisi kai tais e.D.19.322.
b. incantation, spel
-LOGIKOS ( [logos] )
A. of or for speaking or speech,
the ORGANS of speech, SPEECH

    Hagio-logos, on, A. speaking holy things, dub. in 1Enoch1.2.
    G2980 laleo lal-eh'-o A prolonged form of an otherwise obsolete verb;
    to talk, that is, utter words:--preach, say, speak (after), talk, tell, utter. Compare G3004 .
OPPOSITE to Mousikê,

OPPOSITE to MUSICAL ORGANS: Organum -Of musical instruments, a pipe, an organ, water-organ: organa hydraulica,
Organikos A. serving as organs or instruments, instrumental, esp. of war-engines, of musicians, practical, by way of instruments, making more use of instruments.
       Musical ORGANS are then defined as OPPOSITE to LOGIKOS

OPPOSITE to rhetoric or CONFLICTING elements.
Opposite of eloquence Agones which is the CONTEST with elelizomenos move in coilsr or spiresof the serpent. Meaning a colission:

III. cause to vibrate, megan d' elelixen Olumpon, of Zeus, ib.1.530, cf. 8.199; phorminga e. make its strings quiver, Pi.O.9.13; asteropan elelixais Id.N.9.19  . . agôniôi elelizomenos podi mimeo -Pass., quake, tremble, quiver, elelichthê guia Il.22.448 ; elelikto, of a brandished spear, 13.558; amphi de peplos elelizeto possin h.Cer.183 ; megas d' elelizet' Olumpos h.Hom. l.c.; phorminx [Apollyon's Lyre] elelizomena

Sug-krousis , eôs, hê, collision, hoplôn [Carnal Weapon] II. in Music, rapid alternation of two notes, trill, III. Rhet., collision of contradictory statements,

     2Cor. 10:4 (For the weapons HOPLON instruments
     of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)

LOGIKOS continued.

3. suited for prose, ho hêrôios semnos kai ou l. Demetr.Eloc.42 ; to l., opposite to megaloprepes, II. possessed of reason, intellectual, 2. dialectical, argumentative, hoi l. dialogoi of Plato, logical, l. sullogismoi,

OPPOSITE to rhêtorikoi, Rh.1355a13.

Jesus identified the rhetoricians, singers and instrument players as HYPOCRITES by pointing to Isaiah and Ezekiel. The SPEAKING in the ekklesia is defined as OPPOSITE to poety, music and rhetoric.
Aristotle, Rhetoric: I. Rhetoric is a counterpart of Dialectic; for both have to do with matters that are in a manner within the cognizance of all men and not confined to any special science. Hence all men in a manner have a share of both; for all, up to a certain point, endeavor to criticize or uphold an argument, to defend themselves or to accuse. [2] Now, the majority of people do this either at random or with a familiarity arising from habit. But since both these ways are possible, it is clear that matters can be reduced to a system, for it is possible to examine the reason why some attain their end by familiarity and others by chance; and such an examination all would at once admit to be the function of an art.
[3] Now, previous compilers of “Arts” of Rhetoric have provided us with only a small portion of this art, for proofs are the only things in it that come within the province of art; everything else is merely an accessory.
        And yet they say nothing about enthymemes which are the body of proof,
        but chiefly devote their attention to matters outside the subject;
        [4] for the arousing of prejudice, compassion, anger, and similar emotions
        has no connection with the matter in hand, but is directed only to the dicast.  ..... 
or the only thing to which their attention is devoted (20) is how to put the judge into a certain frame of mind. They give no account of the artificial proofs  which make a man a master of rhetorical argument.

    Note: The essence of sophistry consists in the moral purpose, the deliberate use of fallacious arguments. In Dialectic, the dialectician has the power or faculty of making use of them when he pleases; when he does so deliberately, he is called a sophist. In Rhetoric, this distinction does not exist; he who uses sound arguments as well as he who uses false ones are both known as rhetoricians.
Sophis-tês, A. master of one's craft, adept, expert, of diviners, Hdt.2.49; of poets, “meletan sophistais prosbalonPi.I.5(4).28, cf. Cratin.2; of musicians, “sophistēs . . parapaiōn khelunA.Fr.314, cf. Eup.447, Pl.Com. 140; sophistē Thrēki (sc. Thamyris) E.Rh.924, cf. Ath.14.632c: with modal words added, “hoi s. tōn hierōn melōn” (religious melody) II. from late v B.C., a Sophist, i.e. one who gave lessons in grammar, rhetoric, politics, mathematics, for money,
The Wise Sophos A. skilled in any handicraft or art, clever, mostly of poets and musicians, Pi.O.1.9, P.1.42, 3.113; en kithara s. E.IT1238

Craftiness Panourgia

2Cor. 4:1 Therefore seeing we have this ministry,
        as we have received mercy, we faint not;
2Cor. 4:2 But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty,
        not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully;
        but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves
        to every man’s conscience in the sight of God.
2Cor. 4:3 But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost:
Dialekt-os A.discourse, conversation, discussion, debate, argument , 2.common language, talk, II.speech, language articulate speech, language, opposite  phônê,

phōn-ētikos , ē, on,
A. vocal, to ph. the faculty of speech, Zeno Stoic.1.39, D.L.7.110; “ta ph. organaPoll. 2.115, cf. Gal.2.690; ph. dunamis, aisthēsis], Arr.Epict.2.23.2, Theol.Ar.49.
II. endowed with speech,zōa

Opposite phone

Phôn-ê  3. any articulate sound, opp. inarticulate noise (psophos)“, ph. kōkumatōnS.Ant.1206; “hōsper phōnēs ousēs kata ton aera pollakis kai logou en phōnēPlot.6.4.12: “stoikheion esti ph. adiairetosArist.Po.1456b22; also esp. of vowelsound, opp. to that of consonants, Pl.Tht.203b, Arist.HA535a32; in literary criticism, of sound, opp. meaning, Phld.Po.5.20 (pl.), 21.
4. of sounds made by inanimate objects, mostly Poet., “kerkidos ph.S.Fr.595; “suriggōnE.Tr.127 (lyr.); “aulōnMnesim.4.56 (anap.); rare in early Prose, “organōn phōnaiPl.R.397a; freq. in LXX, “ ph. tēs salpiggosLXX Ex.20.18; ph. brontēs ib. Ps.103(104).7; “ ph. autou hōs ph. hudatōn pollōnApoc.1.15.

Therefore SPEAK is Opposite to Organon:
Organon , to, ( [ergon, erdô] ) (ergon, erdō) A. instrument, implement, tool, for making or doing a thing
3. musical instrument, Simon.31, f.l. in A.Fr.57.1 ; ho men di' organōn ekēlei anthrōpous, of Marsyas, Pl.Smp.215c ; aneu organōn psilois logois ibid., cf. Plt.268b ; “o. polukhordaId.R.399c, al.; “met' ōdēs kai tinōn organōnPhld.Mus.p.98K.; of the pipe, Melanipp.2, Telest.1.2
Because Musical Instruments perform WORK: they are machines.

Ergon  [Ergô], 1. in 1. in Il. mostly of works or deeds of war, “polemēia e.”, 3.a hard piece of work, a hard task, Il.: also, a shocking deed or act,
Sullogismos II.a conclusion, inference from premisses
II. putting together of observed facts, Pl.Cra.412a; “s. estin hoti touto ekeinoArist.Rh.1371b9: generally, inference
2. in the Logic of Arist., a syllogism or deductive argument, defined provisionally as an argument in which, certain things being posited, something different from them necessarily follows, APr.24b18, cf. 47a34, al.; of several kinds, e.g. ho apodeiktikos s. APo.74b11; o( dialektikos s. Top.100a22; eristikos s. ib.b24; sts. opposed to epagōgē (q.v.); ho ex epagōgēs s. the syllogism which springs out of induction, APr.68b15; “to enthumēma s. tisRh.1355a8.
III. Rhet., inference from written to unwritten law,

OPPOSITE  Epagoges Bringing in aids.
4. allurement, enticement,tais elpisi kai tais e.D.19.322.
b. incantation, spell [all musical performances]
5. process of reasoning, Aristox.Harm.pp.4,53M.
b. esp. in the Logic of Aristotle, argument by induction (cf. “epagō1.10b),
The synagogue or ekklesia was to assemble the people but the PURPOSE was to assemble their minds. The TEXT is that which is written with no authority to introduce your own. You dialog the facts and ASSEMBLE your conclusions. From that the law and common sense excluded the performing arts or artists.

The Sulligos was like the Ekklesia and Synagogue (all Greek Words).  While HOW you say something is important the use of RHETORIC as performance is radically outlawed by Paul defining what we do "at church."

Apoiêtos , on,, on,
II. not artificial, unpolished, D.H. Lys.8; esp. unpoetical, a. logos, OPPOSITE. poiêtikê, Id.Comp.1; ta apoiêta, opposite ta pepoêmena, a. hupothesis not used as material for poetry,

hupothesis , A.proposal, proposed action, II.subject proposed (to oneself or another) for discussion, 2. in the syllogism, the preliminary statements of fact (whether proved or not) from which inference starts, i. e. the premisse, starting point, raw material 
If you cannot understand the WELL DOCUMENTED DEFINITIONS then BLAME the preacher, singers and musiciians whose INTENTION throughout the Bible and common sense is to KEEP THE BIBLE CHAINED to the PULPIT because the PREACHER has chained the DIALOG Jesus died ot give us to PREVENT you from being a body member.

Of all churches near you since the attack of the Stone-Campbell Movement:

Christianity in this hour has been reduced to format, formalism, ego building dreams and visions of grandeur, emotional worship and worldly, soulical music--all abominations to the Lord, a spectacle to the holy angels and a delight to devils! Yet in the heart of God, nothing of these things constitutes the true, essential substance of Christianity.
        Each local assembly desperately seeking to find a way to add to their numbers, as if this had some significance in God's mind. Leadership has become so far removed from the Lord's heart that it has adopted a worldly, secular mentality and cloaked it in Bible terminology, i.e. elders, pastors, deacons, teachers, prophets, etc. Governing principles that determine the growth rates of businesses and corporate establishments have become the mind-set. 

Pink On Worship

“It is the bounded duty of every Christian to have no dealings with the “evangelistic” monstrosity of the day:” —A. W. Pink (1886–1952

“In connection with what is styled “Divine worship” today, the great majority of professing Christians follow the dictates of their own wisdom, or inclination of their fleshly lusts, rather than Holy Scripture. Others mechanically follow the traditions of their fathers, or the requirements of popular custom. The result is that the Holy Spirit is grieved and quenched by the worldly inventions of carnal men, and Christ is outside the whole thing. Far better not to worship God at all, than to mock Him with human “will worship” (Colossians 2:23). Far better to worship Him scripturally in the seclusion of our homes, than fellowship the abominable mockery that is now going on in almost all of the so-called “churches”.” —A. W. Pink (1886–1952)

“Spiritual worship must be distinguished sharply from soulical worship, though there are few today who discriminate between them. Much, very much, of our modern socalled worship is soulical, that is, emotional. Music which makes one “feel good,” touching anecdotes which draw tears, the magic oratory of a speaker which thrills his hearers, the clever showmanship of professional evangelists and singers who aim to ‘produce an atmosphere’ for worship and which are designed to move the varied emotions of those in attendance, are so many examples of what is soulical and not spiritual at all. True worship, spiritual worship, is decorous, quiet, reverential, occupying the worshipper with God Himself; and the effect is to leave him not with a nervous headache (the inevitable reaction from the high tension produced by soulical activities) but with a peaceful heart and a rejoicing spirit.”  —A. W. Pink (1886–1952)

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